Overview of the different tyre types

Today there are a lot of different tires. In order to give you a small overview, we have compiled some tyre types, which you will of course also find in our tyre100 marketplace.

Wide tyres

The wide tyre is very popular in the tuning sector. It offers some advantages, especially for vehicles with a higher speed class. The contact surface with the ground is larger, which improves grip and power transmission. Both on dry and wet roads. And you are also an eye-catcher. Wide tyres make the car look sportier and more attractive.

All-season tyres / all-weather tyres

They can be driven in summer as well as in winter. Since 01.01.2018, the M+S and snowflake (Alpine symbol) must be found on the flank of winter or all-season tyres. Only if they have these symbols do all-season tyres comply with the winter tyre regulations. An all-season tyre combines the characteristics of a summer tyre with those of a winter tyre, but does not reach the same level as these tyres. Nevertheless, all-season tyres have been enjoying increasing popularity for some time now.

Used tyres

Used tyres are one thing in particular when it comes to procurement: they are inexpensive. The purchase of used tires can be worthwhile, but one should consider some thereby. The statutory minimum tread depth is 1.6 mm. The recommendation for used summer tyres is 3 mm, for winter tyres 4 mm. The tyre age should also be taken into account. A maximum of 10 years for passenger car tyres, whereby the recommendation is a maximum of 6 years. It should be checked for damage and other wear and tear, such as dents, blisters, incisions, etc.

Off-road tyres

Off-road tyres are for SUVs or off-road vehicles and can be driven both off-road and on the road. The tread is coarser than that of passenger car tyres. There are differences here as well. Off-road tyres are specially designed for off-road use. The corresponding markings can be found on the tyre. There are:
  • All Terrain - AT
  • Mud Terrain - MD
  • Street Terrain - ST
  • Super Swamper and Boggers

runflat

Runflats are tyres with an emergency running characteristic. If a normal tyre loses air, it becomes flat and due to the heat it breaks down in a short time, so that it is no longer possible to continue driving. Runflats have a self-supporting, reinforced lateral effort, which mainly prevents the tyre from slipping off the rim in the event of a puncture. With a runflat you can, depending on the condition of the road, continue driving at a maximum speed of 80 km/h up to 80 km. The designations vary from manufacturer to manufacturer. The most common abbreviations are RFT, CSR, DSST, HRS, EMT, ROF, SST, SSR, ZP, XRP.

Retreaded

If a passenger car tyre is retreaded, it must meet certain requirements. On the one hand, it may only be retreaded once and the substructure must not be damaged. During retreading, the tyre is given a new tread; similar to shoes, the tyre is "soled" as new. Retreaded tyres are cheaper and do one thing above all - they protect the environment.

Summer tyres

From O to O - from Easter to October, summer tyres should be used. It is not required by law, but summer tyres offer the best driving characteristics at temperatures in the double-digit plus range. The hard rubber compound provides the necessary grip.

Winter tyres

In some countries, legislation stipulates that winter tyres (M + S identifier and snowflake symbol) must be driven in winter conditions. Winter tyres have a softer rubber compound than summer tyres in order to remain flexible even at low temperatures and offer the necessary grip on snow and ice. At temperatures as low as 7 degrees, winter tyres should be used on the road.

XL

XL tyres have an increased load capacity. The load capacity of an XL can be 93 or more. even 95. Such a tyre is also called RF, extra load or reinforced. At the end of the tyre designation there is always an XL at these tyres.

Tyre ABC - What do the abbreviations actually mean?

Abbreviations for certain vehicles

* = BMW, MINI
AO, AOE, R01, R02 = Audi
F = Ford
MO = Mercedes
MO Extended / MOE = recommended by Mercedes with emergency running characteristics
RO1 = recommended by Audi, for Audi Quattro vehicles
S1 = recommended by Peugeot
VW = recommended by Volkswagen

Abbreviations rim protection

FL = with rim protection
FP = Protective strip
FR = rubber lip to protect the aluminium rim
FSL = rubber lip to protect the aluminium rim
MFS = with rim protection
ML = rib on the tyre sidewall, tyre and rim protection
RPB = with rim protection

Other abbreviations

All Weather = All-season tyre
DA = B-goods (with blemishes)
DEMO = dismantled
DOT = tyre age (production calendar week/year)
GRNX = Energy-saving and ecological tyre
LRR = optimized rolling resistance
M+S = mud and snow
TL = Tubeless, tubeless
TT = Tube Type, Tube Tyre

Abbreviations Vehicle load

EL = Reinforced for increased vehicle load
LT = Light Truck (Light LWK tyres)
RF =with reinforced carcass
XL = Reinforced for increased vehicle load